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Acts and Policies
Rehabilitation Council of India Act, 1992
Council of India was set up as a registered society in 1986. However, it was
soon found that a society could not ensure proper standardization and acceptance
of the standards by other Organizations.
in 1992. The Parliament enacted Rehabilitation Council of India become a
Statutory Body on 22nd June 1993.
The RCI Act was amended by
the Parliament in 2000 to work it more broad.
The Act casts norms
responsibility on the Council. it also prescribes that any one delivering
services to people with disability, with out processing qualifications
recognized by RCI, could be prosecuted.
The Council has the twin
responsibility of standardizing and regulating the training of personnel and
professionals in the field of Rehabilitation and Special Education.
Persons with Disabilities Act, 1995
The Persons with Disabilities ( Equal
Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation Act, 1995) has come
into force on February 7, 1996.
This law is an important landmark and is
a significant step in the direction of ensuring equal opportunities for persons
with disabilities and their full participation in the nation building.
The Act provides for both preventive and
promotional aspects of rehabilitation like education , employment and vocational
training, job reservation, research and manpower development, creation of
barrier-free environment, rehabilitation of person with disability, unemployment
allowance for the disabled, special insurance scheme for the disabled
employees and establishment of homes for persons with severe disability etc.
National Trust Act, 1999
The National Trust
for Welfare of persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and
Multiple Disabilities Act, 1999 No 44 of 1999 (30th December 1999)
is an act to provide for the constitution of a body at the national level
for the Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and
Multiple Disabilities and for matters connected therewith or incidental there to.
National Policy for Persons with
The National Policy recognizes that Persons with Disabilities as a
valuable human resource for the country and seeks to create an environment that
country and seeks to create an environment that provides them equal
opportunities, protection of their rights and full participation in society.
The focus of the policy is on (a)
Prevention of Disabilities and (b) Rehabilitation Measures .
The salient features of the National
Policy are :
Physical Rehabilitation, which includes early detection and
intervention, which includes early detection and intervention, counseling &
medical interventions and provision of aids & appliances.
Education Rehabilitation including
vocational training and
Economic Rehabilitation for a dignified life in society